商务类英语词汇

时间:2018-01-19 编辑:炎英 手机版

  出去谈判,你的商务词汇库存够了吗?商务类英语词汇有哪些呢?下面是商务谈判必用的10大类英语词汇,希望大家会喜欢。

  1、出口方面的词汇

  出口信贷 export credit 出口津贴 export subsidy 商品倾销dumping

  外汇倾销 exchange dumping 优惠关税 special preferences 保税仓库 bonded warehouse

  贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade 贸易逆差 unfavorablebalance of trade

  进口配额制 import quotas 自由贸易区 free trade zone 对外贸易值 value of foreign trade

  国际贸易值 value of international trade 普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP

  最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT

  2、价格条件

  价格术语trade term (price term) 运费freight 单价 price 码头费wharfage

  总值 total value 卸货费landing charges 金额 amount 关税customs duty

  净价 net price 印花税stamp duty 含佣价price including commission

  港口税port dues 回佣return commission . 装运港port of shipment

  折扣discount, allowance 卸货港port of discharge 批发价 wholesale price

  目的港port of destination 零售价 retail price 进口许口证import licence

  现货价格spot price 出口许口证export licence 期货价格forward price

  现行价格(时价)current price prevailing price

  国际市场价格 world (International)Market price

  离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board 成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight

  到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight

  3、交货条件

  交货delivery 轮船steamship(缩写S.S) 装运、装船shipment

  租船charter (the chartered ship) 交货时间 time of delivery 定程租船voyage charter

  装运期限time of shipment 定期租船time charter 托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor

  收货人consignee 班轮regular shipping liner 驳船lighter 舱位shipping space

  油轮tanker 报关clearance of goods 陆运收据cargo receipt 提货to take delivery of goods

  空运提单airway bill 正本提单original BL 选择港(任意港)optional port

  选港费optional charges

  选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’account

  一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment

  一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.

  一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment

  在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots

  在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots

  分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments

  分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments

  立即装运 immediate shipments 即期装运 prompt shipments

  收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C

  允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted partial shipment notunacceptable

  4、交易磋商、合同签订

  订单 indent 订货;订购 book; booking 电复 cable reply 实盘 firm offer

  递盘 bid; bidding 递实盘 bid firm 还盘 counter offer 发盘(发价) offer

  发实盘 offer firm 询盘(询价) inquiry; enquiry

  5、交易磋商、合同签订

  指示性价格 price indication 速复 reply immediately 参考价 reference price

  习惯做法 usual practice 交易磋商 business negotiation 不受约束 without engagement

  业务洽谈 business discussion 限**复 subject to reply **

  限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here ** 有效期限 time of validity

  有效至**: valid till ** 购货合同 purchase contract 销售合同 sales contract

  购货确认书 purchase confirmation 销售确认书 sales confirmation

  一般交易条件 general terms and conditions 以未售出为准 subject to prior sale

  需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation

  需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation

  6、贸易方式

  INT (拍卖auction) 寄售consignment 招标invitation of tender

  投标submission of tender 一般代理人agent 总代理人general agent

  代理协议agency agreement 累计佣金accumulative commission

  补偿贸易compensation trade (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade 来料加工processing on giving materials

  来料装配assembling on provided parts 独家经营/专营权exclusive right

  独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement

  独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency; exclusive agent

  7、品质条件

  品质 quality 原样 original sample 规格 specifications 复样 duplicate sample

  说明 description 对等样品 counter sample 标准 standard type 参考样品 reference sample

  商品目录 catalogue 封样 sealed sample 宣传小册 pamphlet 公差 tolerance

  货号 article No. 花色(搭配) assortment 样品 sample 5% 增减 5% plus or minus

  代表性样品 representative sample 大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality

  8、商检仲裁

  索赔 claim 争议disputes 罚金条款 penalty 仲裁arbitration不可抗力 force Majeure

  仲裁庭arbitral tribunal 产地证明书certificate of origin

  品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quality

  重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)

  **商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)

  品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate

  9、数量条件

  个数 number 净重 net weight 容积 capacity 毛作净 gross for net

  体积 volume 皮重 tare 毛重 gross weight 溢短装条款 more or less clause

  10、外 汇

  外汇 foreign exchange 法定贬值 devaluation 外币 foreign currency 法定升值 revaluation

  汇率 rate of exchange 浮动汇率floating rate国际收支 balance of payments

  硬通货 hard currency 直接标价 direct quotation 软通货 soft currency

  间接标价 indirect quotation 金平价 gold standard买入汇率 buying rate 通货膨胀 inflation

  卖出汇率 selling rate 固定汇率 fixed rate金本位制度 gold standard 黄金输送点 gold points

  铸币平价 mint par 纸币制度 paper money system 国际货币基金 international monetary fund

  黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve

  汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuation

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