时间:2016-12-15 编辑:肖媚‍ 手机版




  A Tale of Scottish Rural Life

  Lewis Grassic Gibbon's Sunset Song (1932) was voted "the best Scottish novel of all time" by Scotland's reading public in 2005. Once considered shocking for its frank description of aspects of the lives of Scotland's poor rural farmers, it has been adapted for stage, film, TV and radio in recent decades.

  The novel is set on the fictional estate of Kinraddie, in the farming country of the Scottish northwest in the years up to and beyond World War I. At its heart is the story of Chris, who is both part of the com#munity and a little outside it.

  Grassic Gibbon gives us the most detailed and intimate account of the life of his heroine ( 女主人公) . We watch her grow through a childhood dominated by her cruel but hard-working father;experience tragedy (her mother's suicide and murder of her twin children); and learn about her feelings as she grows into a woman. We see her marry, lose her husband, then marry again. Chris has seemed so convincing a figure to some female readers that they cannot believe that she is the creation of a man.

  But it would be misleading to suggest that this book is just about Chris. It is truly a novel of a place and its people. Its opening section tells of Kinraddie's long history, in a language that imitates the place's changing patterns of speech and writing.

  The story itself is amazingly full of characters and incidents. It is told from Chris' point of view but also from that of the gossiping com#munity, a com#munity where everybody knows everybody else's business and nothing is ever forgotten.

  Sunset Song has a social theme too. It is concerned with what Grassic Gibbon perceives as the destruction of traditional Scottish rural life first by modernization and then by World War I.

  Gibbon tried hard to show how certain characters resist the war. Despite this, the war takes the young men away, a number of them to their deaths. In particular, it takes away Chris' husband,Evan Tavendale: The war finally kills Euan, but not in the way his widow is told. In fact, the Germans aren't responsible for his death, but his own side. He is shot because he is said to have run away from a battle.

  If the novel is about the end of one way of life it also looks ahead. It is a "Sunset Song" but is concerned too with the new Kinraddie, indeed of the new European world. Grassic Gibbon went on to publish two other novels about the place that continue its story.

  1.What is Sunset Song mainly about?

  A. The First World War.

  B. The beauty of the sunset.

  C. The new European world.

  D. The lives of rural Scottish farmers.

  2.Which statement is NOT true of Chris?

  A. She is the heroine, of Sunset Song.

  B. She had a miserable childhood.

  C. She is the creation of a man.

  D. She married only once.

  3.What is the opening section of the novel mainly concerned with?

  A. The climate of Kinraddie.

  B. The history of Kinraddie.

  C. The geography of Kinraddie.

  D. The language spoken in Kinraddie.

  4.Who killed Chris' husband, Evan?

  A. His own troops.

  B. The French army.

  C. The Germans.

  D. The Russian soldiers.

  5.The word "'Sunset" in the title of this novel most probably means

  A. the end of the heroine's life.

  B. the end of the story.

  C. the end of the traditional way of life.

  D. the end of the day.



  2.D。细节题。题干:下列有关Chris的表述,哪一项是不对的?利用题干关键词和选项关键词可以定位到第三段,该段描述了小说中女主人公Chris的具体生活。第三句话提到“We see her marry,lose her husband,then marry again”,可见Chris结了两次婚,故选D。





  Oil Exploitation Beneath ANWR'S Frozen Earth

  Is there enough oil beneath the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (保护区 ) (ANWR) to help secure America's energy future? President Bush certainly thinks so. He has argued that tapping ANWR's oil would help ease California's electricity crisis and provide a major boost to the country's energy independence. But no one knows for sure how much crude oil lies buried beneath the frozen earth with the last government survey, conducted in 1998, projecting output anywhere from 3 billion to 16 billion barrels.

  The oil industry goes with the high end of the range, which could equal as much as 10% of U.S. consumption for as long as six years. By pumping more than 1 million barrels a day from the reserve for the next two or three decades, lobbyists claim, the nation could cut back on imports equivalent to all shipments to the U.S. from Saudi Arabia. Sounds good. An oil boom would also mean a multibillion-dollar windfall (意外之财) in tax revenues, royalties ( 开采权使用费) and leasing fees for Alaska and the Federal Government. Best of all, advocates of drilling say, damage to the environment would be insignificant. "We've never had a document case of oil rig chasing deer out onto the pack ice." says Alaska State Representative Scott Ogan.

  Not so fast, say environmentalists. Sticking to the low end of govemment estimates, the National Resources Defense Council says there may be no more than 3.2 billion barrels of economically recoverable oil in the coastal plain of ANWR, a drop in the bucket that would do virtually nothing to ease America's energy problems. And consumers would wait up to a decade to gain any benefits, because drilling could begin only after much bargaining over leases,environmental permits and regulatory review. As for ANWR's impact on the California power crisis, environmentalists point out that oil is responsible for only 1% of the Golden State's electricity output and just 3% of the nation's.

  1.What does President Bush think of tapping oil in ANWR?

  A. It will exhaust the nation's oil reserves.

  B. It will help secure the future of ANWR.

  C. It will help reduce the nation's oil imports.

  D. It will increase America's energy consumption.

  2.We learn from the second paragraph that the American oil industry__________.

  A. believes that drilling for oil in ANWR will produce high yields.

  B. tends to exaggerate America's reliance on foreign oil.

  C. shows little interest in tapping oil in ANWR.

  D. expects to stop oil imports from Saudi Arabia.

  3.Those against oil drilling in ANWR argue that__________.

  A. it can cause serious damage to the environment.

  B. it can do little to solve U.S. energy problems.

  C. it will drain the oil reserves in the Alaskan region.

  D. it will not have much com#mercial value.

  4.What do the environmentalists mean by saying "Not so fast" (Line 1, Para.3)?

  A. Oil exploitation takes a long time.

  B. The oil drilling should be delayed.

  C. Don't be too optimistic.

  D. Don't expect fast returns.

  5.It can be leamed from the passage that oil exploitation beneath ANWR's frozen earth__________.

  A. remains a controversial issue.

  B. is expected to get under way soon.

  C. involves a lot of technological problems.

  D. will enable the U.S. to be oil independent.




  3.B。细节题。题干:反对在ANWR采油的人认为__________。利用题干关键词可以定位到最后一段:“…a drop in the bucket that would do virtually nothing to ease America’s energy problems.”这句话表明,开采的石油“只是杯水车薪,几乎对减轻美国的能源问题没有任何作用”。所以选B2017职称英语《综合B》阅读理解练习题及答案英语题库。


  题干:环境保护主义者说“not so fast”的意思是什么?“Not so fast”这句话出现在段首,随后讨论的是“他们认为石油开发的影响微乎其微”,暗示“not so fast”的含义是“不容乐观的”,所以选C。