2017年考研英语一答案

发布时间:2017-01-21 编辑:肖媚 手机版

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  2017年考研英语一小作文(介绍旅游景点)

  You are to write an email to James Cook,a newly-arried Australia professor,recommending some tourist attraction in your city .Please give reason for your recommendation.

  You should write nearly on the answer/sheet.

  Dot not sign your own name at the end of the email .use "li ming"instead.

  Do not write the address.

  Dear James,

  It has been a long time before we last met. How are you doing? I am writing this letter for the purpose of inviting you to my hometown Beijing for a visit.

  The reasons for my recommendation areas follows. To begin with, Beijing is an ancient city with a long history. Itwas the capital of China for several dynasties over a long period and tends to playan extremely important role in education, culture and politics. Furthermore, aswe exist in a dynamic world with various new changes, Beijing now evolves intoa more beautiful city. There are many places of interests here in Beijing, suchas the Summer Palace, the Imperial Palace and the Great Wall.

  If you are interested, please feel freeto contact me at your earliest convenience.

  Yours sincerely

  Li Ming

  2017年考研英语一大作文

  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. In the essay. You should

  1) describe the pictures briefly.

  2) interpret the meaning,and

  3) give your comments.

  You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

  英语一中大作文只要你些“读书(reading)”的重要性当然没问题,但是你如果只写了“书(books)”的重要性就有些问题。写“行动(action)”可以,写“不要浪费资源(waste resources)”沾边。注意小标题是“有书”和“读书”,不要偏离太多!

  This set of pictures capture two vivid but quite different scenes.In one picture, a man is lying on the armchair, pointing to the bookshelf full of books in front of him. He is proudly bragging about the number of his books.By stark contrast, another man is sitting at his desk with a book open and a few books besides him. He wants to read twenty books this year. The major theme is humorously reflected in the subtitle: “I have books” and “I read books”.

  In fact, the seemingly simple cartoons subtly disclose a prevailing phenomenon. Nowadays, fewer people read books and more people have books. Reading is of utmost importance for one’s life. Firstly, a good book is our faithful friend. Reading can increase our contentment when we are cheerful and happy,and can lessen our pain when we are sad or lonely. Secondly, reading can help people to relax and unwind. Few of us can travel far from home, but all of us can savor a wide range of experiences through reading. Besides, reading can also increase our knowledge and skills, broaden our horizons and make us wise.

  To advocate the importance of reading books, the mass media should be held accountable. They should make relevant public campaign to promote the idea that read more books rather than have books. As the saying goes, “action speaks louder than words”.

  Section I use of English

  完形填空

  Could a hug a day keep the doctor away? The answer may be a resounding "yes!" Besides helping you feel close and connected to people you care about, it turns out that hugs can bring a host of health benefits to your body and mind. Believe it or not, a warm embrace might even help youavoid getting sick this winter.

  In a recent study involving over 400 healthy adults, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University in pennsylvania examined the effects of perceived social support and the receipt of hugs on the participants' susceptibility to developing the common cold after being exposed to the virus. People who perceived greater social support were less likely to come down with a cold, and the researchers calculated that the stress-buffering effects of hugging explained about32 percent of that beneficial effect. Even among those who got a cold, the ones who felt greater social support and received more frequent hugs had less severe symptoms.

  "Hugging protects people who are under stress from the increased risk for colds that's usually associated with stress," notes study lead author Sheldon Cohen, a professor of psychology at Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania. Hugging "is a marker of intimacy and helps generate the feeling that others are there to help in the face of adversity."

  Some experts attribute the stress-reducing, health-related benefits of hugging to the release of oxytocin, often called "the bonding hormone"because it promotes attachment in relationships, including between mothers and their newborn babies. Oxytocin is made primarily in the hypothalamus in the brain, and some of it is released into the bloodstream through the pituitary gland. But some of it remains in the brain, where it influences mood, behavior and physiology.

  1. A. besides B. unlike C. throughout D. despite

  2. A. equal B. restricted C. connected D. inferior

  3. A. view B. host C. lesson D. choice

  4. A. avoid B.forget C. recall D. keep

  5. A. collecting B. affecting C. guiding D. involving

  6. A . on B. in C. at D. of

  7. A. devoted B. attracted C. lost D. exposed

  8. A. along B. across C. down D. out

  9. A. imagined B. denied C. doubted D. calculated

  10. A. served B. restored C. explained D. required

  11. A. thus B. still C. rather D. even

  12. A.defeats B. symptoms C. errors D. tests

  13. A. highlighted B. increased C. controlled D. minimized

  14. A. presented B. equipped C. associated D. compared

  15.A. assess B. generate C. moderate D. record

  15.A. in the name of B. in the form of C. in the face of D. in the way of

  17.A. attribute B. commit C. transfer D. return

  18.A. unless B. because C. though D. until

  19.A. remains B. emerges C. vanishes D. decreases

  20.A. experiences B. combines C. justifies D. influences

  Section II Reading Comprehension

  阅读理解

  21. The crash of EgyptAir Flight 804 is mentioned to

  [A] explain American’s tolerance of current security checks.

  [B] stress the urgency to strengthen security worldwide.

  [C] highlight the necessity of upgrading major U.S. airports.

  [D] emphasize the importance of privacy protection.

  22. Which of the following contributes to long waits at major airports?

  [A] New restrictions on carry-on bags.

  [B] The declining efficiency of the TSA.

  [C] An increase in the number of travellers.

  [D] Frequent unexpected secret checks.

  23. The word “expedited” (Liner 4, Para. 5) is closet in meaning to

  [A] quieter.

  [B] cheaper.

  [C] wider.

  [D] faster.

  24. One problem with the PreCheck program is

  [A] a dramatic reduction of its scale.

  [B] its wrongly-directed implementation.

  [C] the government’s reluctance to back it.

  [D] an unreasonable price for enrollment.

  25. Which of the following would be the best for the text?

  [A] Less Screening for More Safety

  [B] PreCheck – a Belated Solution

  [C] Getting Stuck in Security Lines

  [D] Underused PreCheck Lanes

  26. Queen Liliuokalani’s remark in Paragraph 1 indicates

  [A] her conservative view on the historical role of astronomy.

  [B] the importance of astronomy in ancient Hawaiian society.

  [C]the regrettable decline of astronomy in ancient times.

  [D] her appreciation of star watchers’ feats in her time.

  27. Mauna Kea is deemed as an ideal astronomical site due to

  [A] its geographical features.

  [B] its protective surroundings.

  [C] its religious implications.

  [D] its existing infrastructure.

  28. The construction of the TMT is opposed by some locals partly because

  [A] it may risk ruining their intellectual life.

  [B] it reminds them of a humiliating history.

  [C] their culture will lose a chance of revival.

  [D] they fear losing control of Mauna Kea.

  29. It can be inferred from Paragraph 5 that progress in today’s astronomy

  [A] is fulfilling the dreams of ancient Hawaiians.

  [B] helps spread Hawaiian culture across the world.

  [C] may uncover the origin of Hawaiian culture.

  [D] will eventually soften Hawaiians’ hostility.

  30. The author’s attitude toward choosing Mauna Kea as the TMT site is one of

  [A] severe criticism.

  [B] passive acceptance.

  [C] slight hesitancy.

  [D] full approval.

  31. Robert F. Kennedy is cited because he

  [A]praised the UK for its GDP.

  [B]identified GDP with happiness.

  [C]misinterpreted the role of GDP.

  [D]had a low opinion of GDP.

  32. It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that

  [A]the UK is reluctant to remold its economic pattern.

  [B]the UK will contribute less to the world economy.

  [C]GDP as the measure of success is widely defied in the UK.

  [D]policymakers in the UK are paying less attention to GDP.

  33. Which of the following is true about the recent annual study?

  [A]It excludes GDP as an indicator.

  [B]It is sponsored by 163 countries.

  [C]Its criteria are questionable.

  [D]Its results are enlightening.

  34. In the last two paragraphs, the author suggests that

  [A]the UK is preparing for an economic boom.

  [B]high GDP foreshadows an economic decline.

  [C]it is essential to consider factors beyond GDP.

  [D]it requires caution to handle economic issues.

  35. Which of the following is the best for the text?

  [A]High GDP But Inadequate Well-being, a UK lesson

  [B]GDP figures, a Window on Global Economic Health

  [C] Robert F. Kennedy, a Terminator of GDP

  [D]Brexit, the UK’s Gateway to Well-being

  36. The underlined sentence(Para.1)most probably shows that the court

  A. avoided defining the extent of McDonnell’s duties.

  B. made no compromise in convicting McDonnell.

  C. was contemptuous of McDonnell’s conduct.

  D. refused to comment on McDonnell’s ethics.

  37. According to Paragraph 4, an official act is deemed corruptive only if it involves

  A. Concrete returns for gift-giver.

  B. Sizable gains in the form of gifts.

  C. Leaking secrets intentionally.

  D.breaking contracts officially.

  38. The court’s ruling is based on the assumption that public officials are

  A . Allowed to focus on the concerns of their supporters.

  B. Qualified to deal independently with bureaucratic issues.

  C. Justified in addressing the needs of their constituents.

  D. Exempt from conviction on the charge of favoritism.

  39. Well-enforced laws in government transparency are needs to

  A. Awaken the conscience of officials.

  B. Guarantee fair play in official access.

  C. Allow for certain kinds of lobbying.

  D. Inspire hopes in average people.

  40. The author’s attitude towards the court’s ruling is

  A. Sarcastic

  B. Tolerant

  C. Skeptical

  D.supportive

  Part B

  41. F Dickens was born in Portsmactch, on Englands…

  42. E Soon after his father’s release from prison…

  43. A The first published sketch, “A Dinner at Popular Walk”…

  44. C Soon after Sketches by Boz appeared a publishing firm…

  45. G After Pickwick, Dickens plunged into a bleaker world…

  Part C Translation

  翻译

  David Graddol concludes that monoglot English graduates face a bleak economic future as qualified multilingual youngsters from other countries are proving to have a comprehensive advantage over their British counterparts in global companies and organizations. Alongside that, many countries are introducing English into the primary-school curriculum but British schoolchildren and students do not appear to be gaining greater encouragement to achieve fluency in other languages.

  If left to themselves, such trends will diminish the relative strength of the English language in international education markets as the demand for educational resources in languages, such as Spanish, Arabic or Mandarin grows and international business process outsourcing in other languages such as Japanese, French and German, spreads.

  即便英语使用者的数量进一步扩大,有迹象显示,在可预见的未来,它的主导优势可能会消减。

  有很多人会认为英语的地位如此稳固,以至于英国年轻人并不需要额外的语言能力,而这种自我满足感被他的分析终结了。很多国家都在把英语引入小学课程,但在流利度上,英国学生和学员并没有表现得获得更大的鼓励。 对英国那些为其它国家民众提供英语教学人,以及更广泛的教育产业层面,大卫格拉多尔确认的变化制造了清晰而重大的挑战。它给所有致力于改善英语学习和使用的机构们一个基础,一个旨在满足不同使用环境可能性的基础。

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