2016考研英语阅读题干里常见词组

发布时间:2017-12-16 编辑:yangjie 手机版

  一、动词+名词(+介词)

  ●keep +名词+(介词)

  keep an eye on照看,留意;keep a lookout for注意,警戒,留心(86正确项);keep in touch (with)保持联系,了解;keep one’s head保持冷静;keepone’s word守信用;keep pace with并驾齐驱,步调一致;

  ●make +名词+(介词)

  make a thing of认为…重要;make acquaintance with结识;make an allowancefor考虑到;make a difference有影响;makefun of取笑make progress进步;makesense有意义,合乎情理,易于理解;make sense of理解,弄懂;make the best of尽力而为,充分利用;make use of利用;make up one’s mind作出决定;

  ●take+名词+(介词)

  take advantage of利用;takea chance冒险;take care小心,当心;takecare of照顾,负责;take charge of掌管,负责;take effect开始起作用,生效;take interest in对…有兴趣;take measures采取措施;take part (in)参与,参加;take possession of拥有;take revenge on报复;take place发生,进行;take the place of代替,替换;take one’s place就位

  ●其他“动词+名词(+介词)”词组

  attach importance to重视;change one’s mind改变主意;catch sight of看见,发现(95年 8题干);cross one’smind出现在脑海;draw comparisons(02年),draw a conclusion得出结论;give advice to提建议(03干扰项); give birth to生孩子,引起,产生;give sb idea of使了解…的情况(03干扰项);give opinion to向…提意见(03干扰项);give rise to使发生;give scope for给…的机会;give thought to(03正确项);have a way with善于应付,善于处理;have/get the bestof获胜,占上风;have/exchange words (with)争论,争吵;leave sb in the dust把…远远抛在后面,使望尘莫及(09原文);lose one’s mind精神错乱;pavethe way for为…铺平道路,为…创造条件;pay attention to注意(95干扰项);place/lay emphasis on强调(99原文、95干扰项);play apart in参与,起作用;run a risk冒险(87正确项);throw/cast light on使明白,阐明(95正确项)

  二、名词+介词

  ● 名词+ for

  appetite for对...的强烈欲望;candidate for...的候选人;occasion for时机;need for对...需求;preferencefor偏爱;reason for 原因,理由;sympathyfor同情;taste for爱好,志趣

  ● 名词+ in

  absorption in对...专注;faith in信任,信仰;point in对...有意义;success in成功

  ● 名词+ on

  dependence on依靠,依赖;emphasison强调,重视;impact on对...的冲击;influence on影响;judgement on判断,评价;stress on强调,注重

  ● 名词+ to

  access to到达...的通路,入径,(使用或见到的)机会、权利(07干扰项);approach to...的方法,态度;clue to 线索;guide to...的指南;index to索引;loyalty to忠诚;objection to反对;right to正当的要求,权利(07正确项);return to恢复,返回(07干扰项);succession to继承,继任(07干扰项);tendency to倾向,偏好

  ● 名词+ with

  acquaintance with熟悉;associationwith与...有关;interaction with相互作用,相互影响(04正确项);comparison with比较(10原文);consultation with商议(04干扰项);cooperation with合作(04干扰项)

  ● 其他“名词+介词”词组

  advantage over优越于;assimilationinto适应,同化,融入(04干扰项);balancebetween平衡;envy at/of羡慕,忌妒;independencefrom 独立,自主;lack of(04、88原文);prejudice against偏见,成见;protest against 抗议,反对

  三、分词短语

  according to根据(93原文);judging from从...判断;talking of谈到;allowing for考虑到;owing to由于;coming to论及,说到;getting back to回到;not excepting包括;leaving … on one side抛开……不谈;taking all thingstogether/into consideration通盘考虑;setting aside除开;viewing it from this point从这一点来讲

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