2017考研英语词汇

时间:2017-03-21 编辑:燕华 手机版

  备考研究生英语词汇量需达到6000耀8000词才可以较高质量地完成完形、阅读、翻译及写作题目。下面小编为大家分享2017考研英语词汇,祝大家考研成功。

  2017考研英语词汇如下:

  Ⅰ.常见的后缀

  1. 常见的名词后缀

  (1)表示“人和物”

  -an American historian

  -ian Italian Canadian politician

  -ant assistant accountant participant

  -ent student president resident

  -ee employee trainee attendee

  -er writer speaker waiter

  -or actor conductor sailor

  -ess waitress hostess actress

  -ist socialist novelist scientist

  (2)表示“性质、状态、动作、行为”的抽象名词

  -ability suitability probability

  -ibility possibility responsibility

  -age marriage shortage carriage

  -al arrival refusal revival survival

  -ance acceptance importance distance ignorance

  -ence dependence existence difference conference

  -dom freedom wisdom seldom

  -ery slavery bravery discovery robbery

  -hood childhood adulthood neighborhood

  -ion election construction conduction

  -ition composition competition

  -ation modernization civilization alteration

  -ism pessimism optimism socialism

  -ment movement government encouragement

  -ness kindness carelessness

  -ship friendship leadership relationship

  -ure exposure failure measure leisure

  2. 常见的动词后缀

  表示“使(成为)” “使……化”

  -ate circulate decorate regulate alternate

  -en strengthen weaken broaden widen lighten

  -ify classify simplify specify qualify certify

  -ize realize organize criticize recognize

  -ish Astonish cherish establish finish punish polish vanish accomplish abolish

  3. 常见的形容词后缀

  (1)表示“具有……性质的”

  -al national cultural natural

  -an American republican

  -ian Italian Canadian Christian

  -ant pleasant resistant distant constant

  -ent different confident excellent

  -ary necessary imaginary customary

  -ory compulsory contradictory

  -ate considerate fortunate

  -ese Chinese Taiwanese Cantonese

  -ic heroic poetic economic

  -some troublesome handsome quarrelsome

  (2)表示“充满或缺乏”

  -free duty-free carefree worry-free

  -ful hopeful useful wonderful helpful

  -less hopeless useless needless

  -(i)ous dangerous various anxious serious

  -y rainy dirty hairy

  (3)表示“类似”

  -ish childish stylish greenish

  -like childlike businesslike

  -ly brotherly friendly deadly

  (4)表示“主、被动”意义

  -able comfortable capable portable disable

  -ible responsible sensible visible

  -ive negative positive passive decisive

  (5)表示“方向”

  -ward downward backward forward westward upward

  4. 常见的副词后缀

  -ly successfully strongly quickly angrily slowly

  -ward(s) downwards eastwards

  -wise clockwise likewise otherwise

  Ⅱ.常见的前缀

  1. 表示“否定或逆转”

  de- defeat defend define deform

  dis- disappear disagree disorder disgust

  in- incorrect inactive incapable inaccurate

  il- illegal illogical illiberal

  im- impossible immature imperfect impatient

  ir- irregular irrelevant irresponsible

  mis- misuse mislead misunderstanding

  non- non-stop nonsense non-violence

  un- unhappy unlucky unpleasant

  2. 表示“时间顺序”

  ex- ex-president ex-wife ex-husband

  fore- foretell forehead foresee forecast

  mid- middle midfield midnight midterm

  post- post-war postgraduate postpone

  pre- prepare prepay premature predict

  re- recall repair rebuild rewrite

  3. 表示“方向或位置”

  ex- export exclude expel exert

  in- invade include indicate indoor infect

  im- import immigrate imitate impact impair

  inter- international interactive interchange

  sub- subway subsequent subtitle

  tele- telephone telescope telecommunication

  trans- transparent transport transplant translate

  4. 表示“程度、大小或差别”

  macro- macroeconomics

  micro- microscope Microsoft micro-oven

  mini- minibus miniskirt minimum

  over- overwork overuse overhear

  super- supermarket superpower superb superstar

  under- underdeveloped underestimate underline undermine

  vice- vice-president vice-principal

  5. 表示“数量”

  bi- bicycle bimonthly bilingual bilateral

  kilo- kilometer kilogram kilohertz kilowatt

  mono- monolingual monologue monopoly

  multi- multiple multifunctional multinational

  semi- semifinal semiconductor semiconscious

  tri- triangle tricycle triple trilateral

  uni- unicycle unique universal uniform

  6. 变换词类的前缀

  be- befriend belittle behead

  en- enable endanger enjoy enlarge endear enrich ensure

  em- embrace employ embitter embody embezzle

  Ⅲ.常见的词根

  audi=hear audience auditorium audible audition

  ced(cess)=go Precede proceed process successor

  successive recede exceed excess

  cept=take except exception exceptional accept acceptance acceptable

  intercept reception deception concept conception receptive

  circle encircle semicircle circular circulate circulation circumstance

  clud(clus)=close,shut exclude exclusive include inclusive conclude

  conclusion elude (decide, decisive, decision)

  cord=heart record recorder concord concordant accord accordant discord

  cred=believe, trust credit credible discredit incredible credulous incredulous

  cur(curs, cour)=run occur occurrence current currency course recur recurrent

  dict(dic)=say contradict dictate predict prediction indicate indication dictionary

  duc(duct)=lead educate introduce introduction conduct

  product reduce reduction deduce

  fer=bring, carry conference confer differ different

  offer prefer preferable transfer defer

  fus=pour refuse refusal confuse confusion transfuse transfusion

  ject=throw project inject reject rejection subject

  subjective object objective eject

  log=speak dialogue dialog apology apologize monologue logic

  medi=middle Immediate immediately medium

  multimedia intermediate medieval

  memor=memory memory memorize memo memorable

  memorial commemorate remember

  mini=small, little minimum minimize diminish minus minor miniskirt minority

  miss(mit)=send missile dismiss emit promise compromise commit submit

  - 280 -

  mot=move motion motive motivate promote promotion demote remote

  pel=push, drive propel expel repel repulsion repulsive compel impel

  pend(pens)=hang depend dependent independent suspend suspension

  port=carry portable import export transport

  transportation support supportive

  pos=put expose compose composition composer

  propose proposal oppose opposite dispose

  disposal pose position purpose deposit

  rupt=break rupture interrupt interruption disrupt

  bankrupt corrupt erupt eruption

  sent(sens)=feel sense sensation sentimental consent consensus

  resent sensible sensitive nonsense assent sentence

  sist=stand resist resistant consist consistent assist assistant

  exist existent insist insistent persist persistent

  spect(spec)=look spectacle prospect inspect expect respect suspect

  suspicious spectator special specify specific speculate

  tain(ten, tin)=hold contain obtain sustain maintain continue continual

  continuous attain mountain fountain Britain curtain certain

  tend(tens,

  tent)=stretch

  extend extension extensive (extended family)

  extent (~ reading) attend attendant attention

  attentive content contest contestant (participant)

  tend tent tension tense pretend intend intensive (~ reading)

  tract=draw tractor attract attractive contract abstract (concrete)

  extract subtract distract distraction distracted distracting

  ven=come invent invention prevent prevention

  conventional event eventual

  vert(vers)=turn advertise anniversary divert diverse diversify diversity

  revert reverse introvert extrovert convert

  versatile controversial invert avert

  vis(vid)=see vision visible visit advise advisable revise

本文已影响
2017考研英语词汇相关推荐