Could a hug a day keep the doctor away? The answermay be a resounding "yes!" Besideshelping you feel close and connected to people you care about, it turns outthat hugs can bring a host of healthbenefits to your body and mind. Believe it or not, a warm embrace might evenhelp you avoid getting sick this winter.
In a recent study involvingover 400 healthy adults, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University inPennsylvania examined the effects of perceived social support and the receiptof hugs on the participants'susceptibility to developing the common cold after being exposed to the virus. People who perceived greatersocial support were less likely to come downwith a cold, and the researchers calculatedthat the stress-reducing effects of hugging explainedabout 32 percent of that beneficial effect. Evenamong those who got a cold, the ones who felt greatersocial support and received more frequent hugs had less severe symptoms.
"Hugging protects people who are under stressfrom the increased risk for colds that's usually associatedwith stress," notes Sheldon Cohen, a professor of psychology at Carnegie.Hugging "is a marker of intimacy and helps generatethe feeling that others are there to help in theface of difficulty."
Some experts attribute the stress-reducing,health-related benefits of hugging to the release of oxytocin, often called"the bonding hormone" becauseit promotes attachment in relationships, including that between mothers andtheir newborn babies. Oxytocin is made primarily in the central lower part ofthe brain, and some of it is released into the bloodstream. But some of it remains in the brain, where it influences mood,behavior and physiology.
21. Thecrash of Egypt Air Flight 804 is mentioned to
[A] explain American’s tolerance of current security checks.
[B] stress the urgency to strengthen security worldwide.
[C] highlight the necessity of upgrading major U.S.airports.
[D] emphasize the importance of privacy protection.
22. Which of the following contributes to long waits at major airports?
[A] New restrictions on carry-on bags.
[B] The declining efficiency of the TSA.
[C] An increase in the number of travellers.
[D] Frequent unexpected secret checks.
23. The word “expedited” (Liner 4, Para. 5) is closet in meaning to
24. One problem with the PreCheck program is
[A] a dramatic reduction of its scale.
[B] its wrongly-directed implementation.
[C] the government’s reluctance to back it.
[D] an unreasonable price for enrollment.
25. Which of the following would be the best for the text?
[A] Less Screening for More Safety
[B] PreCheck – a Belated Solution
[C] Getting Stuck in Security Lines
[D] Underused PreCheck Lanes
26. Queen Liliuokalani’s remark inParagraph 1 indicates
[A] her conservative view on the historical roleof astronomy.
[B] theimportance of astronomy in ancient Hawaiian society.
[C]the regrettable decline of astronomy in ancienttimes.
[D] her appreciation of star watchers’ feats inher time.
27. Mauna Kea is deemed as an ideal astronomicalsite due to
[A] itsgeographical features.
[B] its protective surroundings.
[C] its religious implications.
[D] its existing infrastructure.
28. The construction of the TMT is opposed by somelocals partly because
[A] it may risk ruining their intellectual life.
[B] itreminds them of a humiliating history.
[C] their culture will lose a chance of revival.
[D] they fear losing control of Mauna Kea.
29. It can be inferred from Paragraph 5 thatprogress in today’s astronomy
[A] is fulfilling the dreams of ancient Hawaiians.
[B] helps spread Hawaiian culture across the world.
[C] mayuncover the origin of Hawaiian culture.
[D] will eventually soften Hawaiians’ hostility.
30. The author’s attitude toward choosing MaunaKea as the TMT site is one of
[A] severe criticism.
[B] passive acceptance.
[C] slight hesitancy.
31. Robert F. Kennedy is cited because he
[A]praised the UK for its GDP.
[B]identified GDP with happiness.
[C]misinterpreted the role of GDP.
[D]had alow opinion of GDP.
32. It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that
[A]the UK is reluctant to remold its economicpattern.
[B]the UK will contribute less to the worldeconomy.
[C]GDP asthe measure of success is widely defied in the UK.
[D]policymakers in the UK are paying lessattention to GDP.
33. Which of the following is true about therecent annual study?
[A]It excludes GDP as an indicator.
[B]It is sponsored by 163 countries.
[C]Its criteria are questionable.
[D]Itsresults are enlightening.
34. In the last two paragraphs, the authorsuggests that
[A]the UK is preparing for an economic boom.
[B]high GDP foreshadows an economic decline.
[C]it isessential to consider factors beyond GDP.
[D]it requires caution to handle economic issues.
35. Which of the following is thebest for the text?
[A]HighGDP But Inadequate Well-being, a UK lesson
[B]GDP figures, a Window on Global Economic Health
[C] Robert F. Kennedy, a Terminator of GDP
[D]Brexit, the UK’s Gateway to Well-being
36. The underlinedsentence(Para.1) most probably shows that the court
[A] avoided defining the extent of McDonnell’s duties.
[B] made no compromise in convicting McDonnell.
[C] was contemptuous ofMcDonnell’s conduct.
[D] refused to comment on McDonnell’s ethics.
37. According to Paragraph 4, an official actis deemed corruptive only if it involves
[A] concrete returns forgift-givers.
[B] sizable gains in the form of gifts.
[C] leaking secrets intentionally.
[D] breaking contracts officially.
38. The court’s ruling is based on theassumption that public officials are
[A] allowed to focus on the concerns of theirsupporters.
[B] qualified to deal independently withbureaucratic issues.
[C] justified in addressing theneeds of their constituents.
[D] exempt from conviction on the charge offavoritism.
39. Well-enforced laws in governmenttransparency are needed to
[A] awaken the conscience of officials.
[B] guarantee fair play inofficial access.
[C] allow for certain kinds of lobbying.
[D] inspire hopes in average people.
40. The author’s attitude toward the court’s ruling is