托福阅读考试题目

时间:2018-02-20 编辑:乐瑶 手机版

  托福考试历时长达四个小时的网考由四个部分组成,每个部分侧重一种语言技能,不过一些试题需要多种技能综合使用。考试着重于在高等教育和学术环境下的语言使用。

  Researchers at the University of Kansas say that people can accurately judge 90 percent of a strangers personality simply by looking at the persons shoes.

  堪萨斯大学的研究人员称,只需看看一个人穿的鞋,就能准确地判断陌生人的90%的性格。

  "Shoes convey a thin but useful slice of information about their wearers," the authors wrote in the new study published in the Journal of Research in Personality. "Shoes serve a practical purpose, and also serve as nonverbal cues with symbolic messages. People tend to pay attention to the shoes they and others wear."

  这项新研究发表在《个性研究杂志》上,作者写道:“鞋子可传达其主人的细微但有用的信息。鞋子有其实际用途,但也作为非言语信号传递着象征性信息。人们一般都会注意自己和他人穿的鞋。”

  Medical Daily notes that the number of detailed personality traits detected in the study include a persons general age, their gender, income, political affiliation, and other personality traits, including someones emotional stability.

  《医学日报》指出,研究发现鞋子可透露的个性特征细节包括一个人的大概年龄、这个人的性别、收入、政治立场,还有包括情绪稳定性在内的其他个性特征。

  Lead researcher Omri Gillath said the judgments were based on the style, cost, color and condition of someones shoes. In the study, 63 University of Kansas students looked at pictures showing 208 different pairs of shoes worn by the studys participants. Volunteers in the study were photographed in their most commonly worn shoes, and then filled out a personality questionnaire.

  首席研究员欧姆瑞·吉拉斯说,这些判断是基于所穿的鞋的样式、价格、颜色和新旧程度做出的。在研究过程中,63名堪萨斯大学的学生观看了研究参与者穿的208双不同的鞋的图片。参加该研究的志愿者都是穿着自己平日里最常穿的鞋拍的照,然后他们填写了一份性格调查问卷。

  So, what do your shoes say about your personality?

  那么,你的鞋反映了你的什么性格特点呢?

  Some of the results were expected: People with higher incomes most commonly wore expensive shoes, and flashier footwear was typically worn by extroverts.

  部分研究结果是在意料之中的:收入高的人大多穿价格昂贵的鞋子,而颜色鲜亮的鞋子通常是性格外向的人穿的。

  However, some of the more specific results are intriguing. For example, "practical and functional" shoes were generally worn by more "agreeable" people, while ankle boots were more closely aligned with "aggressive" personalities.

  不过,一些更具体的研究结果则十分有趣。例如,“实用、功能性的”鞋子通常是性格“随和”的人穿的,而短靴的主人则大多是性格“强势”的人。

  The strangest of all may be that those who wore "

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