Far and away the most important holiday in China is Spring Festival, also known as the Chinese New Year. To the Chinese people it is as important as Christmas to people in the West. The dates for this annual celebration are determined by the lunar calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar, so the timing of the holiday varies from late January to early February.
To the ordinary Chinese, the festival actually begins on the eve of the lunar New Year's Day and ends on the fifth day of the first month of the lunar calendar. But the 15th of the first month, which normally is called the Lantern Festival, means the official end of the Spring Festival in many parts of the country.
"Guo Nian," meaning "passing the year," is the common term among the Chinese people for celebrating the Spring Festival. It actually means greeting the New Year. At midnight at the turn of the old and New Year, people used to let off fire-crackers which serve to drive away the evil spirits and to greet the arrival of the New Year. In an instant the whole city would be engulfed in the deafening noise of the firecrackers.
第二篇Spring Festival is the most important traditional festival. Because China is a big country, different parts of people have different ways to celebrate Spring Festival. Many people eat noodles dumplings and so on，they hope to have good luck to make the life longer and healthier. During Spring Festival, people like to visit relatives. Children love Spring Festival very much. Because they can eat delicious food, wear new clothes and let off firecrackers, they also can get money to buy things that they want.
Yuan "have a beginning of Italy," denier "means the time and the dawn general refers to the daytime. New Year's day, is the first day of the year." New Year's day, the word from the earliest sishi XiaoZiYun the dielectric jas beam people poems: "four gas new New Year's day, WanShouChu today. "The song dynasty wu self" the dream LiangLu "volume a" first "entries:" the ShuoRi, is known as the New Year's day, common cry for the New Year.
In the past dynasties on June 21 is not uniform. In the first month, system of shang, zhou dynasty in December month in November, qin shihuang unified after six month, and the first day in October for New Year's day, has not changed since past dynasties (shiji). In the beginning, yuan emperor, sima qian created the "the beginning calendar", this ability again with the first day of the first lunar New Year's day, and took provisions as, say again so "XiaLi", have been used to the revolution of 1911. The republic of China in order to establish, sun yat-sen, so summer "line is the farming; from the western, so that statistics", set the first month (New Year's day), and for the Spring Festival in the western calendar January 1st as New Year's day.
In contemporary, New Year's day, refers to the Christian era at the first day. Since the western introduced into China, New Year's day after a word was dedicated to the New Year, the traditional JiuLiNian says the Spring Festival.
And before this, New Year's day is always the first day of the lunar year means. Yuan is "beginning" "beginning" mean, denier means "day", New Year's day, the company that is "initial day", also is the first day of the year. On sep. 27, 1949 the Chinese people's political consultative conference the first tentative plenary session resolution: "the People's Republic of China by the Christian confence approved, that is what we call the solar calendar, in order to distinguish the lunar New Year, and two to the solar calendar in view of the lunar year" of "24 solar terms in just before and after the lunar New Year, so he put on the lunar calendar renamed" Spring Festival ", the solar calendar as "New Year's day on January 1, thus, the New Year's day to become national people's joy festival.
Celebration of the New Year began to celebrate the New Year's day is, countries in the world over the common custom. In our country, but also on the national holidays. China and the most countries in the world, district the Gregorian calendar dating method, the January 1st as the beginning of the New Year, called the "New Year's day".
Because of the longitude of the world in different locations, countries of time is also different, accordingly, "new date there are also different. Such as Oceania located in the west of the RiJieXian island-state, it is the first day of the first place, also be to celebrate New Year's country. Located in the east side of the RiJieXian XiSaMaYa is the world's most late start a new day of place. According to the calendar to count, our country is the world's first start New Year 12 countries.