初中英语八大时态总结

时间:2017-05-18 编辑:1028 手机版

  时态是在英语学习中至关重要的一个内容,很多学生在实际应用的过程中总是会产生各种各样的问题。为了方便学生们学习,小编特为大家总结一下初中阶段学习的八大时态。希望此文章能对学生们时态的学习及复习起到帮助作用!

  一、一般现在时:

  基本结构:①动词原形 ②主语三单:动词原形+s/es

  三种常考基本用法:1、经常性和习惯性动作

  Eg. I always get up early.

  2、客观事实和普遍真理

  Eg. The earth goes around the sun.

  3、在时间状语从句及条件状语从句中,一般现在表将来

  If it doesn't rain, we will have a picnic.

  其中,第三种用法就是学生们熟知的"主将从现"的原则,这一点大家务必掌握,此知识点会在初二学习,同时也是中考重要考点。

  常见时间状语:

  always, usually, often, sometimes, every day, on Sundays, at weekends, once a week, twice a month, etc.

  二、一般过去时:

  基本结构:动词的过去式

  基本用法:

  1、过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态

  Eg. I got up late yesterday.

  2、过去习惯性、经常性的动作

  Eg. When I was in the countryside, I often swam in the river.

  常见时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week (year, night, month…), in 1986, just now, at the age of 10, at that time, once upon a time, etc.

  三、一般将来时:

  基本结构:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will/shall + do.

  基本用法:

  am/is/are/going to + do

  1、(人)计划打算做某事

  Eg. I'm going to go shopping with my mom tomorrow.

  2、(事)即将发生

  Eg. Look at the clouds, it's going to rain.

  will/shall do

  1、将来的动作和状态(相对较长远)

  Eg. You'll have your own house in the future.

  2、礼貌询问、客气邀请

  Eg. Will you go with me?

  3、意愿

  Eg. I will do it for you.

  常见时间状语:tomorrow, next day (week, month, year…), soon, the day after tomorrow, in+时间段(格外注意),etc.

  四、现在进行时:  基本结构:am/is/are+现在分词

  基本用法:1、此时此刻正在进行的动作

  Eg. I am writing a letter now.

  2、现阶段正在进行的动作

  Eg. I am reading a book these days.

  常见时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.

  五、过去进行时:

  基本结构:was/were+现在分词

  基本用法:1、过去某时刻正在进行的动作

  Eg. He was playing computer games when his father came home.

  2、过去某时段正在进行的动作

  Eg. He was doing his homework while his mother was cooking.

  常见时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

  六、过去将来时:

  基本结构:①was/were/going to + do;②would/should + do.

  基本用法:从过去时间点看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

  Eg. He said that he would marry her.

  常见时间状语:the next day (morning, year…), the following month (week…), etc.

  七、现在完成时:

  基本结构:have/has + 过去分词

  基本用法:

  1、过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果

  Eg. I have finished my homework.

  2、过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态

  Eg. We have waited for her for 2 hours.

  常见时间状语:recently, lately, so far, up to now, since+时间点,for+时间段, in the past few years, etc.

  现在完成时是考试中的重点也是难点,同学们需要格外加强。特别注意瞬间动词和延续性动词的转化问题,具体会在课程中详细讲解,在此不加以赘述。

  八、过去完成时:

  基本结构:had + 过去分词

  基本用法:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,即"过去的过去"。

  Eg. Just before the English class, I suddenly realized that I had left my English textbook at home.

  常见时间状语:before, after, by the end of last year(month…),etc.

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