两招搞定考研英语新题型

时间:2018-05-28 17:15:43 考研英语 我要投稿

两招搞定考研英语新题型

  【摘要】考研大纲已经尘埃落定。对比新大纲,英语几乎没有什么实质性的变化,还是和往年一样要求考研学子掌握基础知识,提升逻辑思维能力和分析能力。考研不足100天,专业课如何提升一个level ?了解更多猛戳

两招搞定考研英语新题型

  对新题型部分的要求也是一样,仍是考查考生对诸如连贯性、一致性等语段特征以及文章结构的理解。本部分有三种备选题型,分别为:

  1)在一篇总长度为500-600词的文章中有5段空白,文章后有6-7段文字。要求考生根据文章内容从这6-7段文字中选择能分别放进文章5个空白处的5段。

  2)在一篇总长度为500-600词的文章中,各段落的原有顺序已被打乱。要求考生根据文章的内容和结构将所列段落(7-8个)重新排序,其中有2-3个段落在文章中的位置已给出。

  3)在一篇长度约500词的文章前或后有6-7段文字或6-7个概括句或小标题。这些文字或标题是对文章中某一部分的概括、阐述或者举例。要求考生根据文章内容,从这6-7个选项中选出最恰当的5段文字或5个标题填入文章的空白处。

  从大纲要求中,我们不难看出,对于此类题型的答题策略应该是注重段落篇章的逻辑关联和结构,下面教大家两个招式来瓦解新题型,快速夺取这个模块的分数。

  第一招:识别上下关联词

  真题回放:(2013年真题)

  Today, the social sciences are largely focused on disciplinary problems and internal scholarly debates, rather than on topics with external impact. Analyses reveal that thenumberof papers including thekeywords“environmental changed” or “climate change” have increased rapidly since 2004. (43)

  [B] However, thenumbersare still small: in 2010,about 1,600 of the 100,000 social-sciences papers published globally included one of theseKeywords.

  解析:43题是本段最后一句,由此和它关联最紧密的是它的'上一句。上句中nalyses reveal that the number of papers including the keywords “environmental changed” or “climate change” have increased rapidly since 2004.讲的核心词是number,并且还出现了个新词汇“keywords”,而选项B中也出现了number和keywords,和前句构成了上下关联,故而选之。

  第二招:捆绑排序

  1.真题回放:(2011年真题)

  [A]No disciplines have seized on professionalism with as much enthusiasm as the humanities. You can, Mr. Menand points out, become a lawyer in three years and a medical doctor in four. But the regular time it takes to get a doctoral degree in the humanities is nine years.Not surprisingly, up to half of all doctoral students in English drop out before getting their degrees.

  [C]Equally unsurprisingly, only about half end up :with professorships forwhich they entered graduate school. There are simply too few posts. This is partly because universities continue to produce ever more PhDs.

  解析:A选项的最后提到了Not surprisingly,而C选项的开头也提到了Equally unsurprisingly,这表明这两段有关联,是对同一话题的探讨,因而,这两个可以捆绑在一起排序。

  2.真题回放:(2014年真题)

  [B]In another case, American archaeologists Rene Million and George Cowgill spent years systematically mapping the entire city of Teotihuacan in the Valley of Mexico near what is now Mexico City. At its peak around AD 600, this city was one of the largest human settlements in the world. The researchers mapped not only the city’s vast and ornate ceremonial areas, but also hundreds of simpler apartment complexes where common people lived.

  [D] Surveys can cover a single large settlement or entire landscapes.In one case,many researchers working around the ancient Maya city of Copan, Honduras, have located hundreds of small rural villages and individual dwellings by using aerial photographs and by making surveys on foot. The resulting settlement maps show how the distribution and density of the rural population around the city changeddramatically between AD 500 and 850, when Copan collapsed.

  解析:我们从B段的开头看到In another case,那么,肯定会出现另一个one case,而在D段我们就发现了In one case,所以BD形成了捆绑,并且D前B后,这样排序时,我们就可以一下子填两个连着的空格了。

  考研新题型并不像大家所说的那样难于登天。只要掌握了方法,一样可以轻松搞定。希望大家在做真题过程中学会总结方法和提炼技巧,不断突破,不断进步。

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