苏州大学翻译硕士MTI考研真题

时间:2018-05-23 20:23:57 考研真题 我要投稿

苏州大学翻译硕士MTI考研真题

  Part I. Term translation.

苏州大学翻译硕士MTI考研真题

  A. Translate the following into English. (15 points)

  1. Gini coefficient: 基尼系数(是经济学上用来综合考察居民内部收入分配差异状况的一个重要分析指标。)

  2. British Council of Culture:英国文化协会

  3. debtcap :债务上限

  4. altitude sickness:高空病;高原病;高原反应

  5. high street:(尤指市商业区的)大街

  6. environmental refugee:环境难民

  7. the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology:(中华人民共和国)工业和信息化部

  8. public diplomacy:公共外交

  9. Exclusive Economic Zone:专属经济区

  10. paternity leave:(男性)陪产假

  11. mobile phone dependency syndrome:手机依赖症综合症

  12. avian/bird flu:禽流感

  13. manned deep-sea submersible:深海载人潜水器

  14. cultural deficit:文化逆差

  15. Air Defense Identification Zone:防空识别区

  B. Translate the following into Chinese.(15 points)

  1.中华民族伟大复兴:the rejuvenation of China

  2.生育率:fertility rate

  3.羊群效应:Sheep-Flock Effect

  4.中国古典园林:classical Chinese garden

  5.舆论监督机制:Mechanism of Supervision by Public Opinion

  6.敦煌石窟:the Dunhuang Caves

  7.人与自然的和谐发展: harmonious development between man and nature

  8.基层民主:community-level democracy; democracy at the grassroots level

  9.生态补偿制度:ecological compensation system; compensation systems for damage to the ecological environment

  10.人口普查: census

  11.: aircraft carrier

  12.混合动力汽车:HEV ( Hybrid Electric Vehicle )

  13.创新驱动发展: innovation-driven development

  14.宏观经济基本面(情况):Macroeconomic Fundamentals; market fundamentals

  15.资源有偿使用: the paid use of natural resources; compensation for use of resources

  Part II. Translate the following into Chinese. (60 Points)

  To a large degree,the measure of our peace of mind is determined by how much we are able to live in the present moment.Irrespective of what happened yesterday or last year,and what may or may not happen tomorrow,the present moment is where you are --always.

  Without question,many of us have mastered the neurotic1) art of spending much of our lives worrying about a variety of things --all at once.We allow past problems and future concerns to dominate our present moments,so much so that we end up anxious,frustrated,depressed,and hopeless.On the flip side,we also postpone our gratification,our stated priorities2),and our happiness,often convincing ourselves that someday will be better than today.Unfortunately,the same mental dynamics3) that tell us to look toward the future will only repeat themselves so that someday never actually arrives.John Lennon once said,Life is whats happening while were busy making other plans.When were busy making other plans,our children are busy growing up,the people we love are moving away and dying,our bodies are getting out of shape,and our dreams are slipping away.In short,we miss out4) on life.

  Many people live as if life were a dress rehearsal5) for some later date.It isnt.In fact,no one has a guarantee that he or she will be here tomorrow.Now is the only time we have,and the only time that we have any control over.When our attention is in the present moment,we push fear from our minds.Fear is the concern over events that might happen in the future--we won t have enough money,our children will get into trouble,we will get old and die,whatever.

  To combat fear,the best strategy6) is to learn to bring your attention back to the present.Mark Twain said,I have been through some terrible things in my life,some of which actually happened.I dont think I can say it any better.Practice keeping your attention on the here and now.Your efforts will pay great dividends.

  参考译文:

  我们内心是否平和在很大程度上是由我们是否能生活在现实之中所决定的。不管昨天或去年发生了什么,不管明天可能发生或不发生什么,现实才是你时时刻刻所在之处。

  毫无疑问,我们很多人掌握了一种神经兮兮的艺术,即把生活中的大部分时间花在为种种事情担心忧虑上而且常常是同时忧虑许多事情。我们听凭过去的麻烦和未来的担心控制我们此时此刻的生活,以致我们整日焦虑不安,萎靡不振,甚至沮丧绝望。而另一方面我们又推迟我们的满足感,推迟我们应优先考虑的事情,推迟我们的幸福感,常常说服自己有朝一日会比今天更好。不幸的是,如此告诫我们朝前看的大脑动力只能重复来重复去,以致有朝一日永远不会真正来临。约翰列农曾经说过:生活就是当我们忙于制定别的计划时发生的事。当我们忙于制定种种别的计划时,我们的孩子在忙于长大,我们挚爱的人离去了甚至快去世了,我们的体型变样了,而我们的梦想也在悄然溜走了。一句话,我们错过了生活。

  许多人的生活好像是某个未来日子的彩排。并非如此。事实上,没人能保证他或她明天肯定还活着。现在是我们所拥有的.惟一时间,现在也是我们能控制的惟一时间。当我们将注意力放在此时此刻时,我们就将恐惧置于脑后。恐惧就是我们担忧某些事情会在未来发生我们不会有足够的钱,我们的孩子会惹上麻烦,我们会变老,会死去,诸如此类。

  若要克服恐惧心理,最佳策略便是学会将你的注意力拉回此时此刻。马克吐温说过:我经历过生活中一些可怕的事情,有些的确发生过。我想我说不出比这更具内涵的话。经常将注意力集中于此情此景、此时此刻,你的努力终会有丰厚的报偿。

  Part III. Translate the following into English. ( 60 Points)

  生活是我们自己的事情,未来的路该去向何方,需要我们自己做出选择。生活是自己的事情,为 什么非要把他人牵扯进来扰乱自己本该宁静的心扉?如果因为自己的过错或处境而去抱怨别人,那是 对自己的不负责任和对他人的侮辱。永远不要一直想法子去针对他人,也永远不要对他人仇恨下去, 否则,有一天,你会不知道自己究竟是谁。生活是我们自己的事情,为什么要把自己的事情往别人身 上推呢?要想活得精彩,就需要自己不断努力,不断付出。是自己的错,就不要指责他人。

  其实,这个世界并不算太坏,只是我们把它想得太复杂,习惯性地找些理由来欺骗自己。生活是自己的事情,我们有理由选择怎样去使自己变得更好、更成熟、更有魅力.生活中我们需要顾虑的太 多,但要想飞得更高,不妨试着把地平线忘掉。

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